M.S. Subbalakshmi Biography
- Date of Birth: September 16, 1916,Madurai, India.
- Died: December 11, 2012December 11, 2004 (aged 88)
- Genres:Indian classical music
- Occupation:Classical Vocalist
- Padma Bhushan in 1954
- Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1956
- Sangeetha Kalanidhi in 1968
- Ramon Magsaysay award (often considered Asia’s Nobel Prize) in 1974
- Padma Vibhushan in 1975
- Bharat Ratna in 1998
- Kalidas Samman in 1988
- Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration in 1990
Subbulakshmi (Kunjamma to her family) was born in Madurai, Madras Presidency, India to veena player Shanmukavadiver Ammal and Subramania Iyer. Her grandmother Akkammal was a violinist.
She started learning Carnatic music at an early age and trained in Carnatic music under the tutelage of Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer and subsequently in Hindustani music under Pandit Narayanrao Vyas.
Musical Career :
Her mother, from the devadasi community, was a music exponent and a regular stage performer, and Subbulakshmi grew up in an environment very conducive to musical learning. Her musical interests were also shaped by regular interactions with Karaikudi Sambasiva Iyer, Mazhavarayanendal Subbarama Bhagavathar and Ariyakudi Ramanuja Iyengar.
Subbulakshmi gave her first public performance, at the age of eleven, in the year 1927, in the 100 pillar hall inside the Rockfort Temple, Tiruchirappalli; with Mysore Chowdiah on the violin and Dakshinamurthy Pillai on the mriganga.